Kuala Lumpur, capital of Malaysia. The city is located in west-central Peninsular (West) Malaysia, midway along the west coast tin and rubber belt and about 25 miles east of its ocean port, Port Kelang, on the Strait of Malacca. It is the country’s largest urban area and its cultural, commercial, and transportation centre. Kuala Lumpur lies in hilly country astride the conﬂuence of the Kelang and Gombak rivers; its name in Malay means “muddy estuary.” The industrial suburb of Sungai Besi (“Iron River”) has iron foundries and engineering works and factories that process food and soap. The Sentul and Ipoh Road area is the site of the railway (assembly and construction) and engineering workshops and sawmills, and cement is manufactured at Rawang to the north. While Kuala Lumpur has diversiﬁed manufacturing, the focus of industrial planning is in the adjacent suburbs of Petaling Jaya and Batu Tiga, notably in the high-technology sector. Kuala Lumpur is the country’s centre of banking and ﬁnance; activities related to these and other services, including tourism, have become increasingly important. The local Batu Arang coalﬁeld and the Connaught Bridge thermal electric power station near Kelang are the main sources, respectively, of the city’s fuel supply and power.
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